Understanding the Difference between a Step-down and Step-up Transformer
Step Down Transformer reduces voltage and hence used in almost all household electrical appliances. Our present day electronics is heavily dependent on it. In this post, we will try to understand what is it, its working principle, equation, types, advantages and disadvantages. A Step Down Transformer is a device which converts high primary voltage to a low secondary voltage. In a Step Down Transformer, the primary winding of a coil has more turns than the secondary winding. Figure 1 below shows the winding representation of a typical Step-Down Transformer.
The main difference between step-up and step-down transformer is that, step-up transformer increases the voltage whereas a step-down transformer decreases the voltage. The secondary voltage of step-up transformer is more than that of its primary voltage whereas the secondary voltage of step-down transformer is less than its primary voltage. In fact, these two terms, i. From construction and design point of view, there is no difference between step-up and step-down transformer. A given transformer can be used as step-up or step-down transformer.
A transformer is a static device which transfers a. For economical reasons, electric power is required to be transmitted at high voltage whereas it has to be utilized at low voltage from a safety point of view. This increase in voltage for transmission and decrease in voltage for utilization can only be achieved by using a step-up and step-down transformer. The major difference between step-up and step-down transformer is, step-up transformer raises the output voltage, whereas step-down transformer reduces the output voltage. Some other differences are explained below, in the form of a comparison chart, considering the factors: voltage, winding, the number of turns, thickness of conductor and application. Step-down transformer reduces the output voltage.
The major difference between step-up and step-down transformer is, step-up transformer raises the output voltage, whereas step-down transformer reduces the.
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A Transformer is a static apparatus, with no moving parts, which transforms electrical power from one circuit to another with changes in voltage and current and no change in frequency. There are two types of transformers classified by their function: Step up Transformer and Step down Transformer.
A transformer is static electrical equipment which transforms electrical energy from primary side windings to the magnetic energy in transformer magnetic core and again to the electrical energy on the secondary transformer side. The operating frequency and nominal power are approximately equal on primary and secondary transformer side because the transformer is a very efficient piece of equipment — while the voltage and current values are usually different. Essentially, that is the main task of the transformer, converting high voltage HV and low current from the primary side to the low voltage LV and high current on the secondary side and vice versa. Also, a transformer with its operation principle provides galvanic isolation in the electrical system. With those features, the transformer is the most important part of the electrical system and provides economical and reliable transmission and distribution of electrical energy.
A transformer is needed to change the voltage of the power supply to meet the needs of specific appliances or machines. What most people are unaware of, there are two types of transformers, the Step-down and Step- up Transformers. The difference between these two is very tricky, but the necessity to know it is very important. Wrong usage of your step-up or down transformer might affect and destroy our hard-earned appliances and worst it might cause serious problems especially to our families. Let me give you a scenario:.
Equality of voltage and current between the primary and secondary sides of a transformer, however, is not the norm for all transformers. Notice how the secondary voltage is approximately ten times less than the primary voltage 0. What we have here is a device that steps voltage down by a factor of ten and current up by a factor of ten:. Turns ratio of yields primary:secondary voltage ratio and primary:secondary current ratio. This is a very useful device , indeed.