ISO/IEC certification standardISO is the international standard that describes best practice for an ISMS information security management system. The Standard takes a risk-based approach to information security, requiring organisations to identify threats to their organisation and select appropriate controls to tackle them. Those controls are outlined in Annex A of the Standard. There are in total, divided into 14 different categories, which we have summarised below. Rather, the Standard addresses each of the three pillars of information security: people, processes and technology. The IT department will play a role in each of those — most obviously in technology but also in developing the processes and policies that ensure those technologies are used properly. Most controls will require the expertise of people from across your organisation, meaning you should create a multi-departmental team to oversee the ISO implementation process.
What if those two standards were to be combined? Is that feasible? What are the differences between the standards? Figure 4 depicts the compliance of JCB. Figure 5 portrays the compliance of American Express. These three figures help organizations by providing information on how to audit information security within the context of the number of transactions performed annually.
ISO/IEC 27001 Standard
Organizations that meet the requirements may be certified by an accredited certification body following successful completion of an audit. Most organizations have a number of information security controls. However, without an information security management system ISMS , controls tend to be somewhat disorganized and disjointed, having been implemented often as point solutions to specific situations or simply as a matter of convention. Security controls in operation typically address certain aspects of IT or data security specifically; leaving non-IT information assets such as paperwork and proprietary knowledge less protected on the whole. Moreover, business continuity planning and physical security may be managed quite independently of IT or information security while Human Resources practices may make little reference to the need to define and assign information security roles and responsibilities throughout the organization.