Power-knowledge - WikipediaThe relationship between power and knowledge has been always a central theme in the social sciences. According to Foucault's understanding of power, power is based on knowledge and makes use of knowledge; on the other hand, power reproduces knowledge by shaping it in accordance with its anonymous intentions. Foucault incorporates this inevitable mutuality into his neologism power-knowledge, the most important part of which is the hyphen that links the two aspects of the integrated concept together and alludes to their inherent inextricability. It is helpful noting that Foucault has a textual understanding of both power and knowledge. Both power and knowledge are to be seen as de-centralised, relativistic, ubiquitous, and unstable dynamic systemic phenomena. Thus Foucault's concept of power draws on micro-relations without falling into reductionism because it does not neglect, but emphasizes, the systemic or structural aspect of the phenomenon.
Foucault: WTF? An Introduction to Foucault, Power and Knowledge - Tom Nicholas
Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977
Michel Foucault — was born in Poiters, France. There, Foucault earned degrees in both psychology and philosophy, but his academic success was not easily gained. Later, in , while serving as a French delegate in Sweden, Foucault submitted his doctoral thesis at the University of Uppsala and had it rejected. Foucault was also well known in France for his political activism. Foucault died in from an AIDS-related illness. Today he remains one of the most influential and widely read social theorists in recent history. Foucault was interested in the phenomenon of discourse throughout his career, primarily in how discourses define the reality of the social world and the people, ideas, and things that inhabit it.
Foucault's theories primarily address the relationship between power and knowledge , and how they are used as a form of social control through societal institutions. Though often cited as a post-structuralist and postmodernist , Foucault rejected these labels. After several years as a cultural diplomat abroad, he returned to France and published his first major book, The History of Madness
Look Inside. Nov 12, ISBN Michel Foucault has become famous for a series of books that have permanently altered our understanding of many institutions of Western society. He analyzed mental institutions in the remarkable Madness and Civilization; hospitals in The Birth of the Clinic; prisons in Discipline and Punish; and schools and families in The History of Sexuality. But the general reader as well as the specialist is apt to miss the consistent purposes that lay behind these difficult individual studies, thus losing sight of the broad social vision and political aims that unified them.